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God’s Merciful Passover

Exodus 11-12

God’s merciful passover provides deliverance and redemption for those who trust Him.

  • First, the need for God’s merciful passover.
    God announces:

    Exodus 11:1
    Now the Lord had said to Moses, “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt. After that, he will let you go from here, and when he does, he will drive you out completely.

    Exodus 11:4
    So Moses said, “This is what the Lord says: ‘About midnight I will go throughout Egypt.

  • Second, the grounds and the means of God’s merciful passover.
      Three ceremonies celebrating Israel’s deliverance:

    • Passover

      Exodus 12:1-3
      The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt, “This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year. Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb for his family, one for each household.

    • Feast of unleavened bread

      Exodus 12:14-20
      “This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the Lord—a lasting ordinance. For seven days you are to eat bread made without yeast. On the first day remove the yeast from your houses, for whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first day through the seventh must be cut off from Israel. On the first day hold a sacred assembly, and another one on the seventh day. Do no work at all on these days, except to prepare food for everyone to eat; that is all you may do. “Celebrate the Festival of Unleavened Bread, because it was on this very day that I brought your divisions out of Egypt. Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come. In the first month you are to eat bread made without yeast, from the evening of the fourteenth day until the evening of the twenty-first day. For seven days no yeast is to be found in your houses. And anyone, whether foreigner or native-born, who eats anything with yeast in it must be cut off from the community of Israel.

    • Consecration of the Firstborn

      Exodus 13:1-2
      The Lord said to Moses, “Consecrate to me every firstborn male. The first offspring of every womb among the Israelites belongs to me, whether human or animal.”

    • The grounds of their deliverance: Sacraficial substitute.
      The means of their deliverance: the blood of the lamb smeared on the door frame.

    Exodus 12:21
    Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go at once and select the animals for your families and slaughter the Passover lamb.